Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria

Type Journal Article - Journal of development Economics
Title Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria
Volume 87
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2008
Page numbers 57-75
URL Long 2008 Does Female Schooling​Reduce Fertility - JDE.pdf
The literature generally points to a negative relationship between female education and fertility. Citing this pattern,
policymakers have advocated educating girls and young women as a means to reduce population growth and foster sustained
economic and social welfare in developing countries. This paper tests whether the relationship between fertility and education is
indeed causal by investigating the introduction of universal primary education in Nigeria. Exploiting differences in program
exposure by region and age, the paper presents reduced form and instrumental variables estimates of the impact of female education
on fertility. The analysis suggests that increasing female education by one year reduces early fertility by 0.26 births.
© 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

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