Impact of climate variability on human health in Ilorin, Nigeria

Type Journal Article - Environment and Natural Resources Research
Title Impact of climate variability on human health in Ilorin, Nigeria
Volume 3
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 127
Climate change is a global issue and its impact is felt everywhere by both human and ecosystem. Climate
variability and change threaten the well being of humans. This study examines the impact of climate variability
on human health with the use of regression, correlation and ANOVA. The result shows that there is a very strong
positive correlation between minimum temperature and typhoid (0.844), maximum temperature and malaria
(0,794), typhoid (0.793), between sunshine and typhoid (0.667), malaria (0.630). The other variables are weakly
correlated with the diseases. The regression analysis reveals that 49%, 88% and 79% of the variance in asthma,
typhoid and malaria can be respectively explained by the climatic parameters under study to a certain extent.
This implies that there may be some other factors that are responsible for the selected diseases in the area. Such
factors may include biological (genotype, micro-organisms, and allergies), unhygienic environment and
economic (poor living conditions). Recommendations made include weather report should be broadcasted to
people through the media in order for them to understand variation in the climate and how to adapt and mitigate
the effect of the changes. Furthermore, people should be enlightened on the effects of anthropogenic activities in
the atmosphere and how to reduce these effects for sustainable development.

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