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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association
Title Association of maternal height with child mortality, anthropometric failure, and anemia in India
Volume 301
Issue 16
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2009
Page numbers 1691
URL http://jama.ama-assn.org/content/301/16/1691.short
Prior research on the determinants of child health has focused on contemporaneous risk factors such as maternal behaviors, dietary factors, and immediate environmental conditions. Research on intergenerational factors that might also predispose a child to increased health adversity remains limited.

Objective To examine the association between maternal height and child mortality, anthropometric failure, and anemia.

Design, Setting, and Population We retrieved data from the 2005-2006 National Family Health Survey in India (released in 2008). The study population constitutes a nationally representative cross-sectional sample of singleton children aged 0 to 59 months and born after January 2000 or January 2001 (n = 50 750) to mothers aged 15 to 49 years from all 29 states of India. Information on children was obtained by a face-to-face interview with mothers, with a response rate of 94.5%. Height was measured with an adjustable measuring board calibrated in millimeters. Demographic and socioeconomic variables were considered as covariates. Modified Poisson regression models that account for multistage survey design and sampling weights were estimated.

Main Outcome Measures Mortality was the primary end point; underweight, stunting, wasting, and anemia were included as secondary outcomes.

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