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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Galen Medical Journal
Title Depression and Perceived Social Support Evaluation in Iranian Pregnant Women Who Underwent Elective or Non-Elective Cesarean Delivery in 2011-2012
Volume 1
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
Page numbers 72-77
URL http://gmj.ir/gmj/index.php/gmj/article/download/32/19
Introduction: Psychological factors play an important role in post-partum period and they may
cause some disorders such as post-partum depression. These disorders may be correlated with
delivery modes. This study was designed to evaluated depression and social support in women
who underwent elective or non-elective Cesarean delivery. Methods and Materials: This
case-control study was conducted on 140 pregnant women who referred to Shairaaty Hospital,
Isfahan, between 2011 and 2012. Seventy participants had a maternal request for Cesarean.
Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS-P) questionnaire and Beck Depression
Inventory (BDI) were used for social support and depression evaluation in the subjects.
Result: Mean age in the elective Cesarean group was 27.48 ± 4.25 years and mean age in group
B was 27 + 4.16 years. 31.5% of the women who underwent elective Cesarean and 27.2% of
the participants who underwent Cesarean with a medical reason had depression according to the
BDI (p value =0.515) and there was no significant difference between the groups in the social
support subscales (p value >0.05). Conclusion: According to our results and previous reports,
there was no association between the delivery mode and post-partum psychological disorders;
however, family support may decrease these disorders

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