Social and Gendered Impacts related to Mining, Mongolia

Type Working Paper
Title Social and Gendered Impacts related to Mining, Mongolia
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Evidence suggests that women often withstand the worst of the negative social impacts from mining (Macdonald and
Rowland 2002; Lahiri‐Dutt 2011).The purpose of this document is to describe the social and gendered impacts of mining
in Mongolia. This updated report was requested due to the economic and political changes witnessed since the original
report was written in 2012. The original paper draws on analysis conducted during Concept development of the design,
specifically AMEP Concept Note, 26 July 2012 and the AMEP Scoping Mission Final Report.
In terms of the Social and Gender impacts, the advice drawn from the Scoping and Concept reports recommended a
focus on the South Gobi Province, in the vicinity of the large industrial mines.1 Therefore, the initial Design Mission field
work concentrated on key stakeholder engagement in this area, including interviews at Oyu Tolgoi and UHG Mines, and
with their Head Office personnel, administration and community representatives in Khanbogd (42km from Oyu Tolgoi),
Tsogttsetsii (directly adjacent to UHG) and Dalanzadgad, the provincial capital.
The update of this original analysis is drawn from additional meetings held in Ulaanbaatar made during the 2015 Aid
Investment Plan (AIP) mission to Mongolia with Mongolian gender-based Non-Government Organisations (NGOs),
International NGOs with offices in Mongolia and donor agencies such as the World Bank, UNFPA, GIZ, SDC, ADB, and
government agencies. Furthermore, the paper adds new material from the accompanying report, Analysis of economic,
political and social issues that support or hinder growth and poverty reduction in Mongolia. Likewise more recent research
and reports are drawn on to produce findings in the report.

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