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Citation Information

Type Report
Title Contraceptive Prevalence Survey Jamaica 1993. Preliminary report.
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1993
URL http://www.popline.org/node/333420
Abstract
In 1993 in Jamaica, field workers interviewed 5910 adults to collect data on knowledge and practices regarding fertility, family size, and fertility regulation. The only oversampled age group was 15-19 year old men. "Visiting" was the most common relationship for both women (32%) and men (30.7%). It peaked in the 20-24 year old age group for both sexes and fell thereafter. Common law unions and having no steady partner were more common than were marriages. Women and men desired a mean family size of 2.8 and 2.7, respectively. Desired family size rose with age for women (2.2 for 15-19 year olds and 3.4 for 40-44 year olds), but fell with age for men (3 and 2.3, respectively). Actual family size rose with age for both sexes (0.2-4.1 for women and 0-5 for men). Just 19.8% of all pregnancies were planned. 54% were mistimed. 21.9% were unwanted. Almost everyone knew at least one contraceptive method (99.1% for women and 97.7% for men). More than 50% of all adults were familiar with oral contraceptives (OCs), condoms, injection, female sterilization, and IUDs. Between 1976 and 1993 contraceptive usage rose from 46.3% to 66.5%. The 3 methods which women used at considerably higher levels than other methods were OCs (23.7%), condoms (19.7%), and female sterilization (13.4%). Men reported the three most common methods to be condoms (39%), OCs (20.3%), and female sterilization (8.2%). The most common source for OCs, injections, and condoms was the clinic/health center. Pharmacies were also major sources of OCs and condoms. Public hospitals were the most common source for female sterilization. The 15-17 year olds were the least sexually active group. 14-24 year old men were less likely to use contraception during first intercourse than women of the same age (22% vs. 42.8%). Married women were the most sexually active women while men in common law union were the most sexually active men. Overall, unmet need stood at 9.4%. Even though most people knew actual modes of AIDS transmission, there were also many misperceptions.

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