Slum Housing Conditions and Eradication Practices in Some Selected Nigerian Cities

Type Journal Article - Journal of Sustainable Development
Title Slum Housing Conditions and Eradication Practices in Some Selected Nigerian Cities
Volume 8
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 230-241
This paper reviews the state of urban slums in Nigeria and attempts to explicate the issues that arise from the
approach of slum eradication in some selected cities (Lagos, Port Harcourt, Abuja and Jos). A wide range of
secondary source material was collected and analysed thematically. The analysis affirms that the slumming
process in the four cities is significantly accounted for, by rising urbanisation. In Lagos and Port Harcourt cities
the urbanisation appears to be linked to the industrialisation process but this is not the case in Abuja and Jos.
However, some factors were found to be common in the slumming process of the four cities such as: One, the
rising population which is increasing the demand for urban services. Two, there is acute shortage in the supply of
adequate housing for the low-come and poor households. Lastly, there is inadequate arrangement for the
effective management of urban growth and expansion. Other issues identified are: the absence of mechanisms for
the prevention of slum formation; a preference for the demolition of slums by authorities as opposed to their
improvement; a wide practice of implementing eviction on short notice; and in most instances, government
authorities have failed to provide adequate alternative shelter to evicted households. These findings clearly
indicate that the subsisting housing and urban development policies leave gaps for such flawed practices.
Accordingly, policy recommendations and suggestions for empirical study are made.

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