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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - The World Bank Economic Review
Title The consequences of the “missing girls” of China
Author(s)
Volume 23
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2009
Page numbers 399-425
URL http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Avraham_Ebenstein/publication/46511479_The_Consequences_of_Missi​ng_Girls'_in_China/links/00b49534537bfcfc42000000.pdf
Abstract
In the wake of the one-child policy of 1979, China experienced an unprecedented rise
in the sex ratio at birth (ratio of male to female births). In cohorts born between 1980
and 2000, there were 22 million more men than women. Some 10.4 percent of these
additional men will fail to marry, based on simulations presented here that assess how
different scenarios for the sex ratio at birth affect the probability of failure to marry
in 21st century China. Three consequences of the high sex ratio and large numbers of
unmarried men are discussed: the prevalence of prostitution and sexually transmitted
infections, the economic and physical well-being of men who fail to marry, and
China’s ability to care for its elderly, with a particular focus on elderly males who fail
to marry. Several policy options are suggested that could mitigate the negative consequences
of the demographic squeeze

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