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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Ecological Economics
Title The net benefit of saving the Asian elephant: a policy and contingent valuation study
Volume 48
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2004
Page numbers 93-107
URL https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Clement_Tisdell/publication/222223612_The_net_benefit_of_saving​_the_Asian_elephant_a_policy_and_contingent_valuation_study/links/5407ec0c0cf23d9765ae26cc.pdf
Reports results from a contingent valuation (CV) survey of willingness to pay (WTP) for the conservation of the Asian
elephant of a sample of urban residents living in three selected housing schemes in Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka. Face-toface
surveys were conducted using an interview schedule (IS). A non-linear logit regression model is used to analyse the
respondents’ responses for the payment principle questions and to identify the factors that influence their responses. We
investigate whether urban residents’ WTP for the conservation of elephants is sufficient to compensate farmers for the damage
caused by elephants. We find that the beneficiaries (the urban residents) could compensate losers (the farmers in the areas
affected by human – elephant conflict, HEC) and be better off than in the absence of elephants in Sri Lanka. Therefore, there is a
strong economic case for the conservation of the wild elephant population in Sri Lanka. However, we have insufficient data to
determine the optimal level of this elephant population in the Kaldor –Hicks sense. Nevertheless, the current population of
elephant in Sri Lanka is Kaldor –Hicks preferable to having none.

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