Nutritional status of adolescents among tea garden workers

Type Journal Article - Indian journal of pediatrics
Title Nutritional status of adolescents among tea garden workers
Volume 74
Issue 4
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2007
Page numbers 343-347
The study was conducted to evaluate growth and nutritional status using weight and height based indicators among tea garden adolescent boys and girls of Assam aged between 10–18 years.
A cross sectional study was carried out in the tea gardens of Dibrugarh district of Assam through house to house visit. Households were selected through two stage sampling design to reach out the adolescents. Height and weight were measured using standard procedures. Body mass index (BMI) was computed from height and weight. Height-for-age below 3rd percentile values of NCHS reference was classified as stunting. BMI-for-age below 5th percentile values of WHO recommended reference was classified as thinness.
Total numbers of 605 adolescents (boys-291, girls-314) participated in the study. School enrollment rate was only 59.2%. Prevalence of stunting was 47.4% and 51.9% among boys and girls respectively relative to NCHS reference, which reduced to almost 30% while Indian reference data was used. Prevalence of thinness was higher among boys (59.5%) than girls (41.3%) counterparts. Mean BMI among girls was higher at all ages than boys.
Almost half of the adolescents were stunted and most of them were thin. Problem of overweight was seen in less than 0.5% of adolescents. Factors typical to underdeveloped society seems to contribute to the moderate to high prevalence of undernutrition among adolescents working in tea gardens.

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