Maternal Health Care Practices among Mothers of a Selected Slum in Dhaka City

Type Journal Article - Journal of Enam Medical College
Title Maternal Health Care Practices among Mothers of a Selected Slum in Dhaka City
Volume 5
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 166-169
Bangladesh is a small South Asian country which became independent in 1971 after
a bloody war. Rapid urbanisation in Bangladesh (26% of the 147.1 million inhabitants live in
urban areas) is fuelling a growth in urban poverty, particularly in the urban slums where the
quality of life is extremely poor. The average population density in slums was reported in 2005 as
831 persons per acre or 205,415 people per square kilometre.1 Early commencement of antenatal
care by pregnant women as well as regular visits has the potential to affect maternal and foetal
outcome. Objective: To assess the status of ANC service used by the pregnant mothers and their
socio-demographic characteristics. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional
study was conducted at Moghbazar slum area in Dhaka district of Bangladesh, during January to
June 2014. A total of 161 slum dwellers were enrolled in the study. Information regarding
education, occupation, monthly family income, antenatal care was gathered using a pretested
structured questionnnare and data were analysed. Results: The majority respondents had
knowledge about antenatal care and of them 89 (55.2%) completed >3
visits. Forty five (47.8%)
pregnant women received ANC from government hospitals. Nearly 72% mothers received ANC
service from doctors and 16.9% received from family welfare visitors (FWV). Half of mothers were
satisfied with the overall care provided to them. About 86.2% mothers said that they had to wait for
more than two hours for check-ups. More than 50% received information about exercise and 36%
were reassured about discussing fear and anxiety about pregnancy. Conclusion: This study reveals
that antenatal care provided was not up to the mark of standard care and measures should be taken
to improve it.

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