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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - UNISWA Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology (UREJAST)
Title Access to portable water in rural swaziland: a case of Mashobeni South
Volume 14
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
URL http://ojs.uniswa.sz/index.php/urejast01/article/view/131/68
Accessibility to safe drinking water is one of the most effective ways for improving the
health status of a community. However, water scarcity around the world still remains a
problem despite the Millennium Development Goals efforts. A study was undertaken at
Mashobeni South, in Swaziland to investigate accessibility to portable water. Major
communal water points and homesteads were identified through a reconnaissance
survey. Face-to-face interviews were then conducted using an interview schedule. Water
sources at Mashobeni South were ‘unimproved’; rivers/streams, and unprotected wells.
The return time and distance to water source were also outside the basic recommended
values. The average consumption per capita per day was 13.1 litres, which is slightly
above two thirds of the UN minimum requirement. About 72% of the water was used for
personal hygiene, with about 22% used for cooking and another 6% used for drinking.
The area has a lot of natural water sources but the water has to be brought next to the
users. Treatment before use, especially for drinking has to be considered.

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