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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - CEQ Working Paper
Title Fiscal incidence in Ghana
Issue 35
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
URL http://www.commitmentoequity.org/publications_files/Ghana/CEQ WP35 Fiscal Incidence in Ghana Dec​2015.pdf
We use methods developed by the Commitment to Equity to assess the effects of government
taxation, social spending, and indirect subsidies on poverty and inequality in Ghana. We also
simulate several policy reforms to assess their distributional consequences. Results show that,
although the country has some very progressive taxes and well-targeted expenditures, the extent
of fiscal redistribution is small but about what one would expect given Ghana’s income level and
relatively low initial inequality. Results for poverty reduction are less encouraging: were it not
for the in-kind benefits from health and education spending, the fisc would actually increase
poverty in Ghana. Eliminating energy subsidies and at the same time reallocating part of the
savings to well- targeted transfer programs, could not only lower the fiscal deficit but also reduce
inequality and protect the poor from the negative impact of reduced energy subsidies.

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