Trends in breast cancer mortality in Trinidad and Tobago—a 35-year study

Type Journal Article - Cancer epidemiology
Title Trends in breast cancer mortality in Trinidad and Tobago—a 35-year study
Volume 34
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 20-23
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women worldwide. This study
examines the breast cancer mortality patterns and trends in the Caribbean island state, Trinidad and
Tobago for the 35-year period, 1970–2004. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the trends in breast
cancer mortality from 1970 to 2004 was conducted. Crude mortality per 100,000 women, agestandardized
mortality using World Standard population and age-stratified mortality were calculated
and comparison was made between age groups above and below 50 years. Results: A general pattern of
increase was observed in both crude and age-standardized mortality. The overall average crude
mortality was 15.6 per 100,000 women (95% confidence interval (CI) 13.9–17.1) and the average agestandardized
mortality was 18.0 per 100,000 women (95% CI 16.7–19.2). There was a pattern of increase
in mortality with increasing age. The mortality rate was considerably higher for the age groups above 50
years than those less than 50 years of age both showing an upward trend over the 35-year period.
Conclusions: Breast cancer mortality continued to increase over the 35-year period in Trinidad and
Tobago. This study did not identify the exact reasons for this increasing trend. However, it is known that
Trinidad and Tobago is becoming much more industrialized. It may be speculated that decrease in
fertility rates, increase in the incidence of obesity and hormone utilization could have influenced this

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