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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Malaria journal
Title Artesunate-amodiaquine efficacy in Congolese children with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Brazzaville
Volume 12
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL http://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2875-12-53
Congo-Brazzaville adopted artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in 2006. Artesunate-amodiaquine (AS?+?AQ) and artemether-lumefantrine are the first-line and second-line anti-malarial drugs to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, respectively. The baseline efficacy of AS?+?AQ was evaluated from February to August 2005 in patients living in Brazzaville, the capital city of the Republic of Congo.

One hundred and ninety-seven patients (96 =5 years old and 101 >5 years old, including adults) were recruited in a non-randomized study, treated under supervision with AS?+?AQ, and were followed up for 28 days in accordance with the 2003 World Health Organization protocol. Plasmodium falciparum recrudescent isolates from day 7 to day 28 were compared to pretreatment isolates by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to distinguish between re-infection and recrudescence.

The overall efficacy of AS?+?AQ after PCR correction on day 28 was 94.4%. An adequate clinical and parasitological response was observed in 94.3% and 94.4% of children aged =5 years old and those aged >5 years old (including adults), respectively. The main reported adverse events were dizziness, vomiting, diarrhoea, pruritus, headache, anorexia, and abdominal pain.

This study has shown the high efficacy of AS?+?AQ in Congolese patients of all ages with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria and serves as the baseline efficacy and tolerance of this ACT in Brazzaville.

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