Incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in 0 to 14-yr-old children in Croatia -2004 to 2012 study

Type Journal Article - Pediatric diabetes
Title Incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in 0 to 14-yr-old children in Croatia -2004 to 2012 study
Volume 16
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 448-453
Background: The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) among
children and adolescents increased during the last 50 yr. The T1DM incidence
in Croatia was 8.87/100.000/yr over 1995–2003, with an annual increase of
9%, which placed Croatia among countries with moderate risk for T1DM.
Aim: To investigate incidence rates and trends of T1DM from 2004 to 2012 in
0 to 14-yr-old Croatian children, and to compare the results with previous
studies in Croatia and other European countries.
Methods: T1DM crude incidence rates are estimated for the entire group and
three subgroups: 0–4, 5–9, and 10–14 yr. Standardized incidence is calculated
using the method of direct standardization according to World Health
Organization (WHO) standard world population. The incidence rates by
gender, age groups, seasonality, and calendar year, and their interactions were
analyzed using Poisson regression model.
Results: A total of 1066 cases were ascertained over 2004–2012. The
standardized incidence was 17.23/100.000/yr (95% CI: 16.19–18.26), with no
significant differences in incidence rates or trends between boys and girls.
Statistically significant annual increase of 5.87% (p < 0.001) was found for the
whole group, and for the subgroups 5–9 yr (6.82%; p < 0.001) and 10–14 yr
(7.47%; p < 0.001). In the youngest subgroup (0–4 yr), annual increase was
lower (2.43%; p = 0338) and not statistically significant.
Conclusion: The incidence of childhood T1DM is increasing in Croatia, thus
placing Croatia among countries with high risk for T1DM. The annual
increment of 5.87% is considerably lower than 9.0% reported earlier, but still
higher than the European average (3.9%). The increase in incidence ceased in
youngest children.

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