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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies
Title The Effect of Kenena Sugar Company on Community Livelihood: A case of Altogaba Village, White Nile State, Sudan
Author(s)
Volume 2
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 19-29
URL http://www.ijrhss.org/pdf/v2-i3/4.pdf
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of Kenena Sugar Company (KSC) as a large scale
development project on rural communities of the White Nile State. The study was conducted in Altogaba village
to examine the influence of the company on their livelihoods assets.
The study objective is to find out the changing pattern of livelihoods due to establishment of the KSC.
Specifically, the study sought to answer the following questions-
1. How did the intervention of the company affect the community’s physical assets?
2. How did the intervention of the company affect the community’s natural assets?
3. How did the intervention of the company affect the community’s human assets?
4. How did the intervention of the company affect the community’s social assets?
Primary data was collected using a questionnaire designed to cover all study aspects in open and closed-ended
questions filled in face to face interview session. In addition, secondary data was obtained from relevant
sources, including books, journals, websites and Kenena’ reports.45 households participated in the study. The
quantitative method was the primary method and analysis of the data was done using SPSS version.
The main findings of the study showed that, there were changes in principal economic asset .Most of households
(66.7%) engaged in multipurpose activities, waged labour (permanent& outsource labour) in the company’s
farm/ factory. Also differential development change happened in physical assets (most households have an
access to health care services, and education), in natural assets, more than half (53.3%) of households overhead
tank became as main source of water. You mean safe water supply Negative change happened in the livestock
ownership, most households got rid of their animals in compliance with company rules and regulations.
The study draws some policy and research recommendations from the main findings. KSC should facilitate and
invest in provision of diversified livelihood activities to increase community resilience through expansion of
their financial capital base thus reducing their vulnerabilities.

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