Cervical Cancer Screening Programme in Primorsko-Goranska County, Croatia - The Results of the Pilot Study

Type Journal Article - Collegium Antropologicum
Title Cervical Cancer Screening Programme in Primorsko-Goranska County, Croatia - The Results of the Pilot Study
Volume 34
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 225-232
URL https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Snjezana_Stemberger-Papic/publication/44568641_Cervical_cancer_​screening_programme_in_Primorsko-Goranska_County_Croatia--the_results_of_the_pilot_study/links/02e7e​5175306be9a13000000.pdf
The opportunistic cervical cancer screening has been conducted in Croatia since its introduction in the 1960s, in the context of a high quality gynaecological cytology with a long tradition and a wide network of primary care gynaecologists. In 2006, a pilot screening programme under the title "Early detection of cervical cancer was conducted in Primorsko-Goranska County (PGC)", as the first organised cervical cancer screening ever conducted in the Republic of Croatia. The pilot screening programme targeted women aged 20-64 years. The pilot group consisted of 6,000 randomly sampled primary care patients of six gynaecologists. The women were invited via a personal letter and were given a questionnaire. The results of the first and the second year of screening, as well as of both years together were analysed. The response rate to the anamnestic questionnaire was 49.1%. The participation rates to the screening were 35.2% in 2007, and 46.5% in 2008, total of 42.7%. The increase in participation between years 2007 and 2008 was statistically significant (p = 0.01). According to the age, the lowest participation rate of 33.3% was observed in the youngest group of women (20-29) and the highest of 60.7% in the oldest group (60-64). The detection rate of cytological abnormalities was 4.6% with 2.6% of borderline (ASCUS) cytology and referral rate of 1.2%. The highest abnormal Pap test frequencies of 6.8% and 7.1% were observed in the youngest age groups (20-29 and 30-39), and the lowest (2%) in the age group of 60-64. Specimen adequacy was generally of high quality with unsatisfactory rate of 0.8%, with statistically significant improvement in 2008, compared to the previous year (p = 0.001). Although to a limited extension, during two-year pilot cervical cancer screening programme in PGC the participation rates and Pap smear adequacy have improved. We expect that the continuation of the programme will result in further increase of participation and higher overall quality of the programme.

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