Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Croatia

Type Journal Article - Diabetes research and clinical practice
Title Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Croatia
Volume 81
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2008
Page numbers 263-267
The aim of this study was to obtain an accurate estimate of diabetes prevalence in Croatia and
additional estimates of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), undiagnosed diabetes and insulin
The study was part of the First Croatian Health Project. Field work included a questionnaire,
anthropological measurements and blood sampling. A nationally representative sample of 1,653
subjects aged 18-65 years was analyzed.
A total of 100 participants with diabetes were detected, among them 42 with previously unknown
diabetes. The prevalence was 6.1% (95%CI:4.59-7.64), with a significant difference by age. IFG
prevalence (WHO-criteria) was 11.3%. The ratio of undiagnosed/diagnosed diabetes was 72/100,
unevenly distributed by the regions. HOMA-IR was >1 in 40.4% of the subjects.
This survey revealed a higher prevalence of diabetes than previously estimated, whereas that of
IFG was as expected. A significant difference in the proportion of undiagnosed diabetes among
the regions warrants attention.

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