|Type||Journal Article - Journal of adolescent health|
|Title||The epidemiology of HIV among young people in sub-Saharan Africa: know your local epidemic and its implications for prevention|
Background: Broad patterns of HIV epidemiology are frequently used to design generic HIV programs in
Methods: We reviewed the epidemiology of HIV among young people in sub-Saharan Africa, and explored
the unique dynamics of infection in its different regions.
Results: In 2009, HIV prevalence among youth in sub-Saharan Africa was an estimated 1.4% in males and 3.4%
in females, but these values mask wide variation at regional and national levels. Within countries there are
further major differences in HIV prevalence, such as by sex, urban/rural location, economic status, education,
or ethnic group. Within this highly nuanced context, HIV prevention programs targeting youth must consider
both where new infections are occurring and where they are coming from.
Conclusions: Given the epidemiology, one-size-fits-all HIV prevention programs are usually inappropriate at
regional and national levels. Consideration of local context and risk associated with life transitions, such as
leaving school or getting married, is imperative to successful programming for young people.
|»||Cote d'Ivoire - Enquête sur les Indicateurs du Sida 2005|
|»||Tanzania - HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey 2007-2008|
|»||Tanzania - HIV/AIDS Indicator Survey 2003-2004|