Early adolescence and suicidal ideations in Croatia

Type Journal Article - Crisis
Title Early adolescence and suicidal ideations in Croatia
Volume 32
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 334-345
URL http://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/714608.Early_adolescence.pdf
Background/Aims: Suicidal ideations (SI) indicate and predict psychological distress. We examined the prevalence of SI among
early adolescents and its association with parental war participation, personal, behavioral, and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods:
We performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study on 803 12-year-old adolescents. Data were collected using a sociodemographic
questionnaire, the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Children Depression Inventory. Unintentional injuries, physical fighting,
and involvement in bullying behavior were assessed using questions from the World Health Organization (WHO) survey Health Behavior
in School-aged Children. Suicidal ideations were assessed with three dichotomous items. Results: There were no gender differences in
SI prevalence. SI in males were associated with lower maternal education, crowded families, birth order, parental war participation,
physical fighting, being bullied, and substance use. In females, we found associations with lower parental educational level, number of
brothers, lower perception of the relationship with parents, parental relationship, family cohesion and parental control, negative attitude
toward school, rare church attendance, fighting, and being bully or bullied. Depressive symptoms and SI were associated in both genders.
Conclusions: SI showed gender-specific associations that may partially be explained with parental war involvement. These findings may
have potentially important clinical and preventive implications.

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