Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Maternal and child health journal
Title A case series study of perinatal deaths at one referral center in rural post-conflict Liberia
Author(s)
Volume 18
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 45-51
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3703491/
Abstract
Objectives

The overall objective of this study was to further our understanding of the factors contributing to the high perinatal mortality rates at a busy rural, referral hospital in Liberia. The specific aims were to: 1) analyze the records of women who experienced a perinatal loss for both medical and nonmedical contributing factors; 2) describe the timing and causes of all documented stillbirths and early neonatal deaths; and 3) understand the factors surrounding stillbirth and early neonatal death in this context.

Methods

This case series study was conducted through a retrospective hospital-based record review of all perinatal deaths occurring at the largest rural referral hospital in north-central Liberia during the 2010 calendar year.

Results

A record review of 1656 deliveries identified 196 perinatal deaths; 143 classified as stillbirth and 53 were classified as early neonatal death. The majority of stillbirths (56.6%) presented as antenatal stillbirths with no fetal heart tones documented upon admission. Thirty-one percent of cases had no maternal or obstetrical diagnosis recorded in the chart when a stillbirth occurred. Of the 53 early neonatal deaths, 47.2% occurred on day one of the infant’s life with birth asphyxia/poor Apgar scores being the diagnosis listed most frequently.

Conclusions

Clear and concise documentation is key to understanding the high perinatal death rates in low resource countries. Standardized, detailed documentation is needed to inform changes to clinical practice and develop feasible solutions to reduce the number of perinatal deaths worldwide.

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