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Type Journal Article - International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition
Title Anemia among Apparently Healthy Senegalese Children Aged 9-15 Months
Volume 2
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 9-14
URL http://lifescienceglobal.bizmarksolutions.com/pms/index.php/ijchn/article/download/886/389
In Senegal, despite its high frequency, there is no real program to fight against anemia among infants. This
work was carried out in the Dakar suburb from 1st September, 2009 to 27th January, 2010 among apparently healthy
children aged 9-15 months at the time of their immunization against yellow fever and measles. They showed no known
chronic condition or acute infection at the time of the survey. The objectives were to study the diet, prevalence, type and
risk factors of anemia. The questionnaire was about whether the father and the mother were working and about the
children’s diet during the first six months of their life. All the children underwent anthropometric measurements (weight
and height) and a complete blood count. We considered children as anemic if the hemoglobin rate was below 11g/dl. Of
the 245 children, 212 were anemic, which was a prevalence of 86.5%. This anemia, frequently of the microcytic
hypochromic type (68. 86%) was significantly (p < 0.0003) observed among the children of housewives compared with
those whose mothers were employed. Among anemic children, 60.8% were only taking breast milk with or without cereal
porridge as a food supplement. The absence of consumption of protein, vegetables, fruits and dairy products was a risk
factor for the occurrence of anemia (p <0.0001). In total, at the time immunization is stopped, almost all Senegalese
children, while apparently healthy, still face nutritional anemia. The adverse consequences of anemia on child health
require the implementation in developing countries of a specific program of struggle against anemia. The activity of
vaccination might be the best opportunity to provide the nutritional education these mothers need.

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