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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Global journal of health science
Title Prevalence of self-medication among the elderly in Kermanshah-Iran
Author(s)
Volume 7
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 360-365
URL http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/gjhs/article/download/43040/24194
Abstract
Introduction: Self-medication is consumption of one or several medications without the physician’s prescription.
Given the risks of self-medication, this study was carried out to assess the prevalence of self-medication and its
related factors among the elderly in Kermanshah-Iran
Method: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 272 elderly visiting the private offices in Kermanshah were
selected through convenience sampling method. The instrument for data collection was a researcher made
self-medication questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistical methods (Chi-Square
and Fisher exact test).
Results: The prevalence of self-medication was 83%. The most common reasons for self-medication were
certainty of its safety (93%), prior consumption of the drug (87.6%), busy offices of physicians (82%),
non-seriousness of the illness (77.8%) and prior experience of the disease (73%).The most common drugs used
for self-medication were analgesics (92%), cold drugs (74%), vitamins (61%), digestive drugs (54%) and
antibiotics (43%). There was a significant correlation between self-medication and gender (p=0.001), education
level (p=008), drug information (p=0.01), marital status (p=0.002), and medical insurance (p=0.001) variables.
Conclusion: considering the relatively high rates of self-medication among the elderly as well as its side effects,
designing and performing educational programs are suggested for the elderly people.

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