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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Tropical Medicine & International Health
Title Trends in stroke admissions to a Tanzanian hospital over four decades: a retrospective audit
Author(s)
Volume 20
Issue 10
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 1290-1296
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25983015
Abstract
Aims
The aim of this study was to record stroke admissions to a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania over four decades.
Methods
We audited the medical records held at a large teaching and tertiary referral hospital in northern Tanzania over four decades. We collected records for the years 1974-1976, 1984-1986, 1994-1995 and 2008. All patients admitted as inpatients with a primary diagnosis of stroke were included in the study. Data collected included age, sex, stroke subtype, predominant side of symptoms and survival to discharge.
Results
The number of stroke admissions rose from just four in the three-year period 1974-1976 (mean 1.3 cases annually) to 153 cases annually in 2008. The mean age of those admitted rose steadily during this period, as did the proportion of females admitted.
Conclusions
The burden of stroke on health services in Tanzania appears to have increased rapidly. If this increase is to be slowed, then sustainable primary preventative measures to target known stroke risk factors will be required.

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