Evaluating Optimal Positioning of Health-Medical (Hospital) Usage in Ilam based GIS

Type Journal Article - Jurnal UMP Social Sciences and Technology Management Vol
Title Evaluating Optimal Positioning of Health-Medical (Hospital) Usage in Ilam based GIS
Volume 3
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 79-85
URL http://jsstm-ump.org/2015 Volume 3, Issue 2/79-85.pdf
One of the selected criteria for understanding a healthy urban community is its access to
health and medication in every parts of the town and the availability of such facilities to
all citizens (Shakooyie 1986:122). Quick and inexpensive access to such centers is
significantly important in every community, especially urban areas (EbrahimZadeh 2012:
83). The position of such land usage depends on several criteria and variables. As a result,
in order to determine and measure the importance coefficients of these criteria and
effective parameters on positioning this kind of usage, the advantages of Multi-Criteria
Decision Making (MCDM) techniques were implemented. The process of the study was
started with the collection of location data, then a database was compiled, the required
maps were supplied, and each criterion was built into an information layer in GIS. Next,
each information layer was allocated a specific weight using DEMATEL and ANP, based
on the degree of its importance in positioning health centers. Finally, in order for selecting
the appropriate location for health and medication centers, the obtained results from
integrating the information layers were used to zone Ilami lands. After drawing the
features, a desirable condition for positioning health and medical centers was provided

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