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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Iranian Journal of Health, Safety and Environment
Title Wastewater treatment efficiency in stabilization ponds, Olang treatment plant, Mashhad, 2011-13
Author(s)
Volume 2
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
Page numbers 217-223
URL http://www.ijhse.ir/index.php/IJHSE/article/download/68/48
Abstract
Olang wastewater treatment facilities purifying raw urban wastewater consist of two stabilization pond modules.
Both are on operation in parallel. Functioning of natural systems is influenced by different factors including
ambient condition. Considering final effluent of this system discharges to Kashafrood river and sometimes is
used for agricultural purposes, assessing the quality parameters in effluent was the main objective of this study.
This cross-sectional study investigated some important quality parameters for both raw and treated wastewater
in two years periods. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics. Statistical tests were done at a
significant level of 0.05. Simple linear regression analysis was used only for modeling. Raw wastewater was
almost severe.
Average removal efficiency for BOD5, COD, and TSS was 81, 83, and 78% respectively. There wasn’t a
meaningful relationship between the removal efficiency of mentioned parameters and input pH. Ambient
temperature fluctuations were effective on BOD5, and COD reduction. SAR index didn’t show a considerable
restriction on irrigation application of effluent. In 62.5% cases outlet Na content was at the extent to which
restrictions were imposed.
Olang wastewater treatment plant generates an acceptable effluent relating to most of the quality parameters that
were measured in this study. Considering special status of Mashhad city, it is worthy to reuse effluent in areas
with a high water requirement such as agriculture.

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