Hepatitis B Virus infection in Iran: A systematic review

Type Journal Article - Hepatitis Monthly
Title Hepatitis B Virus infection in Iran: A systematic review
Volume 8
Issue 4
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2008
Page numbers 281-294
URL http://www.sid.ir/EN/VEWSSID/J_pdf/111320082104.pdf
Background and Aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide problem. It is estimated that 400 million people
are suffering from this infection. We conducted a systematic review to put all evidence on HBV infection in I.R. Iran and
to make an accurate estimate of HBV infection prevalence in Iran for further planning to control the infection.
Study Design: Meta-analysis and survey data analysis of all national and international papers, theses, congresses,
reports, Iranian medical universities projects, research centers, reports of Deputy for Health affairs (published or
Setting & Population: Iranian general population with positive HBsAg in blood samples
Selection Criteria for Studies: All descriptive/analytical cross-sectional studies/surveys from April 2001 to March 2007
that have sufficiently declared objectives, proper sampling method with identical and valid measurement instruments
for all study subjects and proper analysis methods regarding sampling design and demographic adjustments
Outcomes: Presence of positive HBsAg in blood samples of study samples
Results: Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria. They were from 7 (out of 30) provinces in which about 40 percent
of the country population live. These provinces (HBsAg positive prevalence) were Golestan (6.3%), Tehran (2.2%), East
Azarbaijan (1.3%), Hamedan (2.3%), Isfahan (1.3%), Kermanshah (1.3%) and Hormozgan (2.4%). The HBV infection
prevalence in Iran is estimated to be 2.14 percent (95%CI: 1.92-2.35), in men and women 2.55 percent (95%CI: 2.25-
2.85) and 2.03 percent (95%CI: 1.6-2.46 percent) respectively.
Conclusions: About 1.5 million people in Iran are living with HBV infection (mild to moderate prevalence according to
WHO classification) and it is assumed that 15% to 40% of them are at risk of developing cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular
carcinoma (HCC) without intervention. The prevalence of HBV infection has been reported higher in more recent studies
compared to the study in 2000-2001.

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