This report presents results from the first cycle of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) . PISA is a new international assessment of 15-year-olds in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The United States has joined with 27 other member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and 4 non-OECD countries to assess their students performance against international benchmarks through PISA. PISA content is not drawn strictly from school curricula, but rather from a framework agreed to nationally on what reading, mathematics, and science literacy mean. After the year 2000, PISA results are scheduled to be available every 3 years so that progress for each of the subjects can be tracked over time. As a first step toward measurement of cross-curricular competencies, in PISA 2000, student questionnaires sought information about student attitudes toward reading and learning strategies. This information, in conjunction with achievement data, provide baseline information for later PISA studies. Four appendixes contain technical notes, descriptions of the international studies in subject areas, supporting statistical data, and the released items from the PISA 2000 assessments.