Identifying high-risk clusters of gastric cancer incidence in iran, 2004 - 2009

Type Journal Article - Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Title Identifying high-risk clusters of gastric cancer incidence in iran, 2004 - 2009
Volume 15
Issue 15
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 10335-10337
Background: Gastric cancer is considered as the second most prevalent cancer in Iran. The present research
sought to identify high risk clusters of gastric cancer with mapping using space-time scan statistics. Materials
and Methods: The present research is of descriptive type. The required data were gathered from the registered
cancer reports of Cancer Control Office in the Center for Non Communicable Disease of the Ministry of Health
(MOH). The data were extracted at province level in the time span of 2004-9. Sat-Scan software was used to
analyse the data and to identify high risk clusters. ArcGIS10 was utilized to map the distribution of gastric
cancer and to demonstrate high risk clusters. Results: The most likely clusters were found in Ardabil, Gilan,
Zanjan, East-Azerbaijan, Qazvin, West-Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Hamadan, Tehran and Mazandaran between
2007 and 2009. It was statistically significant at the p-value below 0.05. Conclusions: High risk regions included
Northern, West-North and central provinces, particularly Ardabil, Kurdistan, Mazandaran and Gilan. More
screening tests are suggested to be conducted in high risk regions along with more frequent epidemiological
studies to enact gastric cancer prevention programs.

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