The fauna and ecology of mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Iran

Type Journal Article - Turkish Journal of Zoology
Title The fauna and ecology of mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Iran
Volume 37
Issue 3
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
Page numbers 298-307
Ecological data are important in integrated vector management. There are few published documents about the ecology of
mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Iran. To study the fauna and ecology of the mosquito larvae of Kurdistan Province, the
samples were collected by the dipping method during June–October 2005 and June–August 2006. Larval habitat characteristics were
recorded according to habitat type, water conditions (stagnant or running, clear or turbid), water temperature, vegetation (with or without
vegetation), and sunlight exposure (full or partial sunlight or shaded). A total of 2096 third- and fourth-instar larvae were collected.
Four genera and 11 species were identified: Anopheles claviger (1%), An. maculipennis sensu lato (s.l.) (17.4%), An. superpictus (57.7%),
Culex hortensis (1.5%), Cx. mimeticus (2.7%), Cx. perexiguus (0.2%), Cx. pipiens (0.8%), Cx. theileri (12.2%), Culiseta longiareolata
(6.1%), Cs. subochrea (0.3%), and Ochlerotatus caspius s.l. (0.1%). Anopheles superpictus, An. maculipennis s.l., and Cx. theileri were the
most abundant and widely distributed species. All larvae were collected from natural habitats (river edges or ground pools). There was
no significant difference among the mean water temperatures (17.7–26 °C) of the habitats of different species (P = 0.098). The larval
habitat characteristics, association occasions, and percentages of each species are discussed.

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