|Type||Journal Article - Iranian Journal of Health Sciences|
|Title||Study of Complementary Feeding Practices and Some Related Factors among Mothers Attending Primary Health Centers in Sari, Iran, in 2013|
Background and purpose: Inappropriate complementary feeding practices are one of the causes
of malnutrition worldwide. This study was aimed to determine the complementary feeding
practices according to World Health Organization recommendation in Sari, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study on complementary feeding practices assayed
the different aspect of infant feeding based on maternal, childbirth, and infant characteristics.
This study was conducted during the period between March and June 2013 on 401 mothers of
infants under 1 year of age attending primary health centers using Poisson random sampling
method and semi-structured questionnaire. A chi-square test was used to analyze the data.
Results: Almost 83.6% of mothers started complementary feeding at recommended age of 6
months. The most common starting food was Fereni (51.5%). About half of mothers fed their
infants complementary food of appropriate consistency (49%) with recommended frequency
(54.6%). Fathers’ educational level was found to be the significant associated factor with
appropriate complementary feeding practices (P = 0.02).
Conclusion: Complementary feeding practices by mothers in the capital city of Mazandaran
province are still inappropriate in term of consistency, frequency and type of food introduced.
Emphasis should be given to educating mothers and fathers about this important issue
|»||Iran, Islamic Rep. - Population and Housing Census 2011|