|Type||Journal Article - Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine|
|Title||Increased uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnant women in Zambia (2006-2012): Potential determinants and highlight of lessons learnt|
Objective: To assess potential determinants of uptake and highlight lessons learnt from
the implementation of intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp), given to pregnant women
as early as possible during the second trimester in Zambia.
Methods: Data from four national malaria surveys (2006, 2008, 2010, 2012) were
reviewed, and proportions of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) who
received two or more doses of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (IPTp2) were compared by
place of residence, education level, and wealth status. Malaria cases and deaths in
pregnant women, from Health Information Management System 2011–2013, were
analyzed to determine malaria burden in pregnancy in Zambia. A multiple logistic
regression model was applied to identify potential determinants of IPTp uptake.
Results: The proportion of pregnant women who took IPTp at ANCs increased from
near zero at inception in 2001 to 61.9% in 2006; and to 72% by 2012 (P < 0.001), and
overall the uptake was 1.41 times higher in 2012 compared to 2006. From 2006 to 2012,
IPTp2 uptake among women with no formal education increased from 51% to 68%
(P < 0.1). Likewise, uptake among pregnant women with the lowest wealth index
increased from 58.2% to 61.2%. By 2012, IPTp uptake among pregnant women within
the lowest wealth index increased to a similar level as the women with high wealth index
(P = 0.05). Incidence of malaria cases, hospital admissions and mortality during pregnancy
decreased between 2011 and 2013. Overall, increased IPTp uptake was associated
with being in urban areas (OR = 1.56, 95% CI: 1.39–1.74), having college (OR = 1.83,
95% CI: 1.25–2.75) or secondary education (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.44–1.96) or of being
of higher wealth status (OR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.60–2.17).
Conclusions: Zambia has increased IPTp uptake through ANC for all women. The
malaria control program has contributed to increasing access to health services and
reducing demographic and socioeconomic disparities.
|»||Zambia - Demographic and Health Survey 2013-2014|