A boost in agricultural productivity is a prevailing motive for farmers and a driving force in Ethiopia’s agricultural policy. Considerable resources are being utilized by the government to realize agricultural productivity and alter the state of agriculture in the country. Human and material resources are rallied towards this end. Development agents, extension packages, and agricultural inputs are some of the resources that are made available to farmers to change their style of farming and augment productivity. One of the missions of the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) is to survey developments in agriculture and produce information about the changes taking place in it to data users to indicate whether the much desired increase in agricultural productivity has materialized. Thus, to shed a ray of statistical information on agricultural productivity, the agency has been providing statistics on the extent of inputs applied area and volume of fertilizers and improved seeds used. As part of the 2009/10 (2002 E.C) Agricultural Sample Survey, data on fertilizer, improved seed, irrigation and pesticide applied area and volume of fertilizers and improved seeds used within the private peasant holdings was collected, processed and summarized. The survey results are presented in this bulletin and other electronic media for data users. The report comprises three parts. Part I contains the objectives of this annual survey, Part II deals with coverage of the survey, sample design, field organization and method of data collection and Part III includes summary of the results. Estimation procedures and formulation of estimates of totals and variance are presented in Appendix I. Estimates of the standard errors with the corresponding coefficients of variations for quantity of inputs used and inputs applied area are presented in Appendix II.