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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Revista de Cercetare si Interventie Sociala
Title The Spatial Analysis of Hot Spots in Urban Areas of Iran. The Case Study: Yazd
Author(s)
Volume 44
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2014
Page numbers 103-115
URL http://www.rcis.ro/images/documente/rcis44_06.pdf
Abstract
The 20th century can be characterized by its urban population density, urban
geographical stratification by socio-economic status and urban crime increase.
Concerning the importance of prevention in social planning, policies and planning
concentrate on crime prevention and emphasize the backgrounds and contexts
leading to crimes. The present study aims to analyze the crime hot spots of Yazd
and to suggest effective solutions to reduce crimes occurrences. The present study
is a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data was collected by studying offenders’
files, achieved in the Yazd Police Office, in different districts of Yazd between
2008 and 2010. The results revealed that the mean center of all kinds of crimes is
in city center. The nearest neighbor index for drug crimes distribution had a full
cluster distribution. The correlation coefficient confirmed the relationship between
population density and committing the crimes. The results revealed that most of
the crimes were committed in abandoned, residential, street networks and commercial
land uses, while in religious and cultural land use less crime occurred.
There were significant correlation between population density, different urban
land uses and the rate of crime. The rate of crime in abandoned and populated
areas was more than other areas.

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