Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Book
Title Horizontal Inequalities in Nigeria, Ghana and Cote D'Ivoire: Issues and Policies
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2007
Publisher University of Oxford. Centre for research on inequality, human security and ethnicity (CRISE)
URL http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/PDF/Outputs/inequality/wp45.pdf
Horizontal inequalities (HIs) are inequalities among groups with common felt cultural
identities. These identities follow different lines across societies and across time.
They include ethnic, religious, racial, or regional affiliations. HIs are multidimensional,
including inequalities in access to political, economic and social resources, as well as
in cultural recognition and status. Not only does unequal access to political,
economic, and social resources and inequalities of cultural status have a serious
negative impact on the welfare of members of poorer groups, but the presence of
severe HIs, especially where consistent across dimensions and across salient group
identities, has also been shown to increase the likelihood of the emergence of violent
conflict in multiethnic societies. In this paper, we analyse and discuss the prevailing
HIs in the three West African countries in which CRISE has done research for the
past four years: Nigeria, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. In addition to discussing the nature
and extent of the prevailing HIs, we review a range of country-specific policy
recommendations that could contribute to reducing both actual and perceived HIs in
the political, economic and cultural status dimensions in each of these countries.
Many of the policy suggestions stem from successful experiences in one or other of
the countries.

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