Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Working Paper - IFPRI Discussion Paper
Title Agricultural mechanization patterns in Nigeria: Insights from farm household typology and agricultural household model simulation
Issue 01291
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
Anecdotal evidence indicates labor costs for farming in Nigeria are rising while levels of mechanization
remain low. Information is scarce regarding the types of farm households that use mechanization in
Nigeria and the potential demand for mechanization services among farmers. We apply cluster analysis to
data from the Living Standards Measurement Study—Integrated Surveys on Agriculture project in
Nigeria to identify associations between mechanization and farm household types. We then simulate an
agricultural household model to assess the potential demand for mechanization services in southern
Nigeria. We find the following: (1) current tractor use is associated with input-intensive crop production;
(2) tractor use in northern Nigeria is associated with increased nonfarm income-earning activities rather
than area expansion and is emerging, albeit slowly, across many farm household types; (3) tractor use in
the South is highly concentrated among medium-scale rice producers; (4) many smallholder farmers
growing staple crops in the South may be willing to pay for a mechanized land preparation service if the
service were available at the same market price charged in other locations; and (5) using mechanization
services, such farmers may cultivate a smaller area and allocate more labor for off-farm income-earning

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