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Citation Information

Type Working Paper
Title Diversification, Climate Risk and Vulnerability to Poverty: Evidence from Rural Malawi
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2015
URL http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/210963/2/Asfaw-Diversification, Climate Risk and Vulnerability​to Poverty-831.pdf
This paper investigates factors that impact cropland, labour and income diversification decisions
and subsequent impacts on welfare. We use geo-referenced household data collected in 2011 from
Malawi. The results show that measures of climate risk generally increase diversification across
labour, cropland and income indicating that rainfall riskiness is a “push” factor for these indices.
Our results also reveal that “pull” factors such as household wealth and education status of the
household generally increase diversification across labour, land and income. Results also show that
vulnerability to poverty is lower in environments with greater climate variability. Availability of
services and support from rural institutions tends to increase diversification and reduce vulnerability
to poverty. Looking at welfare measures as a function of diversification indices, all three measures
of diversification increase consumption per capita, but income diversification has the strongest
impacts on current consumption per capita and in reducing vulnerability to poverty.

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