Economics of Plantain Production in Edo State Nigeria

Type Journal Article - Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences
Title Economics of Plantain Production in Edo State Nigeria
Volume 6
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 902-905
This Study examined the cropping pattern, profitability and constraints to plantain production
in Edo State, Nigeria. A total of 150 plantain farmers were randomly selected from the list of plantain
farmers in the study area as provided by the Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) extension agents
of the state. The sampled farmers were interviewed using well structured questionnaire. Simple descriptive
statistics, gross margin analysis and t-ratio was used to analysis the data collected, while the likert scale
technique was used to identify the constraints faced by the farmers. The result revealed that 82 percent
of the farmers were male while 18 percent were female. The mean age of the farmers was 44 years and
the average farming experience was 22 years. Also, the average farm size was 1.7 hectare. The results
also revealed that majority of the farmers (84 percent) practice mixed cropping as opposed to sole
cropping (16 percent). When the cropping pattern was studied with respect to farm size, farmers’ age and
experiences the results showed that there was a significant relationship between these variables and
cropping pattern. The results of the analysis also showed that the gross return was N255, 970.00/ha, with
a total variable cost and fixed cost of N43, 410.60/ha and N9, 420.00/ha respectively. The net farm
income was N203, 139.40/ha with a return per naira of 37.7% . The major constraints the farmers faced
were transportation, labour, storage processing and finance.

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