Indoor air pollution in rural settings in Plateau State, Nigeria

Type Journal Article - Jos Journal of Medicine
Title Indoor air pollution in rural settings in Plateau State, Nigeria
Volume 5
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 30-33
Background: Indoor air pollution consists of toxic gases or particles that can harm people's health. These
pollutants can build up rapidly indoors to levels much higher than those usually found outdoors. This study
therefore seeks to determine the magnitude of indoor pollution in Plateau State and its effects.
Methods: The study design used was cross sectional. Using the simple random technique, Plateau State
was selected by balloting and likewise the two local governments and the districts, respectively.
A sample size of 500 was used according to a study carried out in Delta State, Nigeria, where 98% of the
population uses solid fuel as a source of cooking and heating.
Results: Majority of the respondents, (47.40%) use firewood as fuel for cooking and minority, (1.00%),
cooking gas. Most (50.60%) are farmers Three hundred and fifty eight (71.60%), of the respondents cough
and majority, (78.06%), use firewood as a source of fuel. Majority, four hundred and sixty two (92.40%) of
the respondents did not experience headaches with fuel for cooking and thirty four, (6.80%) of the
respondents did not have red eyes with the use of the various sources of fuel for cooking.
Conclusion: Indoor air pollution is a major public health hazard, especially in the rural settings. It may be
responsible for a similar proportion of the global burden of disease and it is necessary to keep in mind the
close relationship between poverty and dependence on polluting fuels. Socioeconomic development
should be the core effort to achieve healthier household environments.

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