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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - International Journal of Physical Sciences
Title Efficacy of solar water disinfection for well waters: Case study of Ibadan slums, Nigeria
Author(s)
Volume 6
Issue 5
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 1059-1067
URL http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/IJPS/article-full-text-pdf/AF6CE3D27202
Abstract
The study was carried out to assess the efficacy of solar radiation as a disinfection method for well
waters in some communities in the south east local government area of Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. Well
water sampling and quality tests were done during the dry season and parameters such as total solids,
suspended solids, total hardness and coli form count were determined using various laboratory
methods. Solar disinfection techniques were used and parameters such as volume of water, hours of
exposure, colour of container and turbidity were considered. Data collected were analyzed using
statistical packages, results are expressed in percentages, frequencies and representation. A 100% coli
form count reduction was achieved for 4 and 5 L water samples in 7 L container. 7 h and above of
exposure to sunlight were found to be ideal in reducing the coli form count. The degree of disinfection
was relatively higher with white (97.9%) and black (98.4%) containers as compared to brown (95%) and
blue (82%) containers. With increasing turbidity, solar radiation efficacy decreases. The experiments
were found to provide satisfactory and viable performance compared to WHO drinking water standard
with MPN count to be 7.2 per 100 ml for 7 h of exposure and 1.4 per 100 ml 8 h of exposure compared to
2478 per 100 ml before the solar disinfection exercise.

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