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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Surgical Science
Title HIV Seropositivity among Paediatric Surgical Patients at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital: What Risk to the Surgeon
Volume 2
Issue 01
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2011
Page numbers 22-24
URL http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperDownload.aspx?paperID=3724
Background: Although much concern has been expressed about the occupational risk posed to surgeons by
the HIV pandemic infection, the paediatric age group is often seen as less likely to harbor the disease. Aim:
To determine the HIV infection rate among children presenting for surgical operations at the Lagos University
Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Lagos. Materials, patients and method: Blood was taken from 1000
consecutive children referred to LUTH for surgical conditions and tested for HIV sero-positivity using the
Western blot method. Consenting parents of sero-positive patients were also tested. Result: Five children
tested positive for HIV, giving an overall infection rate of 0.5%. Four mothers and three consenting fathers
were also positive. In one child, none of the parents was positive and he was suspected to have developed
the disease from a previous blood transfusion prior to presentation in LUTH. This possibly resulted from
transfusion of infected blood during its window period. Conclusion: Although the HIV infection rate of
0.5% in paediatric surgical group in Lagos is low, surgeons should vigilantly apply universal precautions
to prevent needle-stick injuries while the rate of HIV infection should be periodically monitored to determine
the trend.

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