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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Title Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong province, China, 1990-92.
Volume 72
Issue 6
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1994
Page numbers 915-920
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2486721/pdf/bullwho00417-0084.pdf
In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis
and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis
AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100 000 children per annum. It appeared that illness
resembling the Guillain-Barre syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked
among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were
still inadequate in nearly a third of confirmed poliomyelitis cases. As the prevalence of wild poliovirus
declines in China, reliable laboratory support needs to be established and adequately sensitive and
specific AFP surveillance be developed if poliomyelitis is to be eradicated.

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