|Type||Journal Article - African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology|
|Title||Symptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis: knowledge, perceptions and treatment modalities among pregnant women of an urban settlement in West Africa|
Background The use of oral contraceptive pills are increasingly becoming popular among women in both urban
and rural Nigerian settings, its perceived association with gynaecologic infections not withstanding.
Aim: To ascertain the rate of urogenital candidiasis among women on oral contraceptive pills (OCP) in Gboko
Methods: All the willing women on OCP attending family planning clinic and Comprehensive health centre in
Gboko were consecutively recruited in the month of September, 2009. Questionnaires were used to obtain
relevant data such as age, marital status, occupation and urogenital symptoms. Urine, High vaginal swab and
Endocervical swab specimens were subsequently collected, transported and processed for isolation of
microorganisms using standard laboratory procedures.
Results The rate of urogenital candidiasis among the 153 women on OCP was significantly higher 36.5%
compared to the control 20.3% (P< 0.05) in as much as their general knowledge about the disease was poor;
similarly, genitourinary symptoms were recorded in 22.2% of the women on OCP as compared to the 5.2% in the
control group (P< 0.001) and was significantly higher among the singles, separated, widowed and separated (64.4-
64.7%) compared to the married 27% (P< 0.05). 79.4% of the symptomatic infections were caused by Candida spp.
Conclusion Women should be properly counselled and health educated on the need for prompt and adequate
treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis while facilities for appropriate treatment and proper laboratory diagnosis
|»||Nigeria - Population and Housing Census 2006|