Traffic Congestion, Causes and Effect on Residents of Urban Cities in Nigeria

Type Conference Paper - The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences 2012, Osaka, Japan
Title Traffic Congestion, Causes and Effect on Residents of Urban Cities in Nigeria
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2012
The study examines the effect and causes of traffic congestion in Ibadan city, Nigeria.
The study was carried out in three neighbourhoods (Agbowo, Bodija and Agodi Gate) in
Ibadan North Local Government Area. Survey approach through questionnaire was used
for data collection. 50 respondents were sampled in each of the three neighbourhoods
making a total of 150. Descriptive statistics of means, simple percentages and charts were
employed in analysing the data collected. Results show that 51.3 % of the respondents
spend between 21 minutes and above on congestion daily while 20.7 % spend between 5-
15 minutes and 1.3 % less 5 minutes. It was equally observed that residents in the city
spend almost twice the time they would use on their trip from home to office due to
traffic congestion. On the temporal and spatial pattern of traffic congestion in the three
neighbourhoods, results reveal that Agbowo (65.3 %) recorded the highest traffic
congestion in the evening and morning period followed by Bodija (48 %) and Agodi Gate
(31. 4%).On ranking of some major routes in the study area on traffic congestion by
respondents, Agodi – Iwo Road route ranked highest with a mean value of 1.45 followed
by University of Ibadan(U.I) – Bodija- Agodi Gate route with mean value of 1.27 and
Sango- Iwo Road 1.03.Further findings are revealed and advice proffered to policy
makers and stakeholders for proper decision making and implementation.

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