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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Economica
Title Immigration and the Economic Status of African-American Men
Volume 77
Issue 306
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 255-282
URL http://nzae.katipo.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/nr1215396603.pdf
The employment rate of black men, and particularly of low-skill black men, fell
precipitously from 1960 to 2000. At the same time, the incarceration rate of black men rose
markedly. This paper examines the relation between immigration and these trends in black
employment and incarceration. Using data drawn from the 1960-2000 U.S. Censuses, we find a
strong correlation between immigration, black wages, black employment rates, and black
incarceration rates. As immigrants disproportionately increased the supply of workers in a
particular skill group, the wage of black workers in that group fell, the employment rate declined,
and the incarceration rate rose. Our analysis suggests that a 10-percent immigrant-induced
increase in the supply of a particular skill group reduced the black wage by 4.0 percent, lowered
the employment rate of black men by 3.5 percentage points, and increased the incarceration rate
of blacks by almost a full percentage point.

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