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Citation Information

Type Working Paper
Title Determinants of Access to Safe Toilet Facilities and its Rural-Urban Disparity in Nigeria
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2016
URL http://2015.essa.org.za/fullpaper/essa_3155.pdf
Abstract
This study examines the socio-economic determinants of access to safe toilet facilities in Nigerian
households. It also investigates the factors responsible for rural-urban disparity in accessing safe
toilets among Nigerians. It uses the 2013 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) on Nigeria for all the
analyses. Binary and Ordered Probit Regressions Models as well as Oaxaca-Blinder
decomposition were used to determined factors affecting access to safe toilet facilities in the
country. The results shows that, households head age, marital status, gender, household size,
education, wealth index, locations, ethnicity and geopolitical variations are the significant
determinants of households’ access to safe toilets in Nigeria. While, household size, rural locality,
zones, gender, and lower wealth index have negative impacts; households head age, marital status,
ethnicity and education level, have positive effects on the households’ access to safe toilets in the
country. Secondly, differences in the age of households head, household size, wealth index, gender,
zones and marital status are the factors responsible for the rural-urban variation in access to safe
toilets in Nigeria. The study recommends poverty reduction programmes, public-private
partnership, provision of public toilets, rural development, educational improvement, cultural and
value re-orientation and social security programme among others as measures to improve access
to safe toilet facilities in the country.

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