Mortality in China 1964-2000

Type Journal Article - Population studies
Title Mortality in China 1964-2000
Volume 58
Issue 1
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2004
Page numbers 55-75
This paper uses data from censuses and surveys to re-estimate mortality levels and trends in China from the
1960s to 2000. We use the General Growth Balance method to evaluate the completeness of death reporting
above the youngest ages in three censuses of the People's Republic of China from 1982 to 2000, concluding
that reporting quality is quite high, and revisit the completeness of death recording in the 1973-75 Cancer
Epidemiology Survey. Estimates of child mortality from a variety of direct and indirect sources are reviewed,
and best estimates arrived at. Our estimates show a spectacular improvement in life expectancy in China:
from about 60 years in the period 1964-82 to nearly 70 years in the period 1990-2000, with a further
improvement to over 71 years by 2000. We discuss why survival rates continue improving in China despite
reduced government involvement in and increasing privatization of health services, with little insurance

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