Central Data Catalog

Citation Information

Type Working Paper
Title Occupations after WWII: The Legacy of Rosie the Riveter
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2013
URL https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/90040/1/dp7615.pdf
WWII induced a dramatic increase in female labor supply, which persisted over time,
particularly for women with higher education. Using Census micro data we study the
qualitative aspects of this long term increase through the lenses of the occupations women
held after the war. Almost two decades after its end, we find that WWII had lasting, albeit
complex but interesting effects on the occupational landscape. It led to a significant increase
in the presence of young women, who were of working age at the time of the war, in
manufacturing and professional/managerial occupations, while it entailed a decrease in the
presence of older cohorts in clerical. Though differently, the effects surprisingly extended to
the next generation of women who were too young to be working at the time of the war. For
this cohort, the increase was concentrated in clerical and manufacturing. The entry of this
very young cohort in clerical jobs and the exit of the older, suggests within-gender crowdingout;
the increased presence of both cohorts in manufacturing, that the legacy of the wartime
Rosies permeated occupational choices.

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