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Citation Information

Type Thesis or Dissertation - PhD thesis
Title Inequality of income and wealth in Nepal
Author(s)
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2005
URL http://doc.rero.ch/record/5697/files/2005ECO003.pdf
Abstract
This dissertation focuses on the economic inequality problem in Nepal, in particular, to
integrate insights from other social aspects into the distribution problems of economic
resources. It consists of five chapters on income and wealth distribution in Nepal. The first
Chapter presents an overview of Nepal’s history, geography, economic development,
policies and problems. The aim of Chapter Two is to provide an understanding of the
inequality of income for 1984 and 1996 in Nepal and to describe how income/expenditure
inequality in Nepal has changed during the period 1984 and 1996. In Chapter Three we
examine the inequality of wealth distribution for 1995 and 1996 in Nepal. The Chapter four
continues to investigate income and wealth inequalities using decomposition methods
because they provide rigorous and powerful tools for identifying the underlying structure of
income or wealth, which allow for direct interpretation of the estimated contribution in terms
of the inequality index – the relative contribution of a set of population characteristics and of
each income factor source that may be found within household income, expenditure and
wealth. Chapter Five investigates the inequality of income in the process of development in
Nepal. We first examine the Kuznets’ proposition according to which ‘the degree of
inequality varies systematically with the level of income per head – initially increasing as
incomes rise and then, beyond some point, decreasing, with further increases in income per
head’. By considering historical, structural, institutional, political and socioeconomic issues,
we offer an alternative explanation of reducing economic inequality in Nepal, with an
emphasis on economic development.

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